891. Sum of Subsequence Widths LeetCode Solution | Easy Approach

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Sum of Subsequence Widths The width of a sequence is the difference between the maximum and minimum elements in the sequence.

Given an array of integers nums, return the sum of the widths of all the non-empty subsequences of nums. Since the answer may be very large, return it modulo 109 + 7.

subsequence is a sequence that can be derived from an array by deleting some or no elements without changing the order of the remaining elements. For example, [3,6,2,7] is a subsequence of the array [0,3,1,6,2,2,7].

Example 1:

Input: nums = [2,1,3]
Output: 6
Explanation: The subsequences are [1], [2], [3], [2,1], [2,3], [1,3], [2,1,3].
The corresponding widths are 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2.
The sum of these widths is 6.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [2]
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 105

Sum of Subsequence Widths Solutions

Time: O(n)
Space: O(n)

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