528. Random Pick with Weight LeetCode Solution | Easy Approach

Minimum Cost to Merge Stones
Share:

Random Pick with Weight You are given a 0-indexed array of positive integers w where w[i] describes the weight of the ith index.

You need to implement the function pickIndex(), which randomly picks an index in the range [0, w.length - 1] (inclusive) and returns it. The probability of picking an index i is w[i] / sum(w).

  • For example, if w = [1, 3], the probability of picking index 0 is 1 / (1 + 3) = 0.25 (i.e., 25%), and the probability of picking index 1 is 3 / (1 + 3) = 0.75 (i.e., 75%).

Example 1:

Input
["Solution","pickIndex"]
[[[1]],[]]
Output
[null,0]

Explanation Solution solution = new Solution([1]); solution.pickIndex(); // return 0. The only option is to return 0 since there is only one element in w.

Example 2:

Input
["Solution","pickIndex","pickIndex","pickIndex","pickIndex","pickIndex"]
[[[1,3]],[],[],[],[],[]]
Output
[null,1,1,1,1,0]

Explanation Solution solution = new Solution([1, 3]); solution.pickIndex(); // return 1. It is returning the second element (index = 1) that has a probability of 3/4. solution.pickIndex(); // return 1 solution.pickIndex(); // return 1 solution.pickIndex(); // return 1 solution.pickIndex(); // return 0. It is returning the first element (index = 0) that has a probability of 1/4. Since this is a randomization problem, multiple answers are allowed. All of the following outputs can be considered correct:

[null,1,1,1,1,0] [null,1,1,1,1,1] [null,1,1,1,0,0] [null,1,1,1,0,1] [null,1,0,1,0,0]

…… and so on.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= w.length <= 104
  • 1 <= w[i] <= 105

Random Pick with Weight Solutions

Time: O(n)
Space: O(n)

C++

 Will be updated Soon

Java

 
 Will be updated Soon

Python

  Will be updated Soon

Watch Tutorial

Checkout more Solutions here

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

x