Check Mate Solution | DEC LONG CHALLENGE | Codechef

Codechef

You are given a standard 8×88×8 chessboard which has exactly 33 pieces placed on it – 22 black rooks and 11 white king. The rows are numbered 11 to 88 from bottom to top, and the columns are numbered 11 to 88 from left to right. The cell at the intersection of the ii-th column and jj-th row is denoted (i,j)(i,j) (like the coordinate system on the xyxy-plane).

Is it possible for the white king to be checkmated by the rooks in exactly one move? It is guaranteed that the initial position of pieces is such that the white king is not under check.

Note that in the given situation, black moves first.

Assume that all the chess rules are to be followed:

  • Each square can contain at most one piece.
  • Rooks can only travel in straight lines along the row or column they are placed at, and can’t jump over other pieces.
  • The King can move to any of its 88 adjacent squares.
  • A piece can’t capture a piece of the same color as itself.
  • After a black makes a move, the white king can capture a rook if it’s present on any of the 88 adjacent squares and not protected by the other rook.
  • The king is said to be in checkmate if the king is currently under check and there exists no legal move with the king to escape from the check.
  • Stalemate is considered as a draw for both sides.

For a more detailed explanation of the moves of pieces, along with images, please click here.

Note: The input and output are large, so use fast input-output methods.

  • In C++, either use printf and scanf, or add the line ios::sync_with_stdio(0); cin.tie(0); to the beginning of main to speed up cin and cout. Also, do not use endl, only use '\n'.
  • In python3/pypy3, add the lines
import sys
input = sys.stdin.readline

to the beginning of your code and then use input as you would normally do

  • In Java, use BufferedReader and PrintWriter

Input Format

  • The first line of input will contain a single integer TT, denoting the number of test cases. The description of TT test cases follows.
  • Each test case contains three lines of input.
  • The first line contains two space-separated integers xkxk and ykyk, the row and column respectively in which white king is placed.
  • The second line contains two space-separated integers x1x1 and y1y1, the row and column respectively in which the first black rook is placed.
  • The third line contains two space-separated integers x2x2 and y2y2, the row and column respectively in which the second black rook is placed.

Output Format

For each test case, output a single line containing the answer: "YES" if it’s possible to checkmate the king in one move and "NO" if not.

You may print each character of the string in uppercase or lowercase (for example, the strings “yEs”, “yes”, “Yes” and “YES” will all be treated as identical).

Constraints

  • 1≤T≤1.6⋅1051≤T≤1.6⋅105
  • 1≤xk,yk,x1,y1,x2,y2≤81≤xk,yk,x1,y1,x2,y2≤8
  • Initially the king is not under check, i.e, xk≠x1xk≠x1 and xk≠x2xk≠x2 and yk≠y1yk≠y1 and yk≠y2yk≠y2.
  • No two pieces overlap.

Subtasks

Subtask #1 (100 points): Original constraints

Sample Input 1 

4
1 1
8 2
7 3
1 8
8 2
8 3
1 1
8 2
2 3
1 1
8 8
8 2

Sample Output 1 

YES
NO
NO
NO

Explanation

Test Case 11: The second rook can be moved to (7,1)(7,1), thus checkmating the king. 

Test Case 22 and 33: No possible move exists to checkmate the king. The following images describe why checkmating is impossible in test case 22:

Test Case 44: The game can end in a stalemate if the first rook is moved to (2,8)(2,8), but there exists no move to checkmate the king.

SOLUTION

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